Types of Crosstalk Ratings

Near-End Crosstalk (NEXT)

One of the most important cable measurements is Near-End Crosstalk (NEXT). It’s signal interference from one pair that adversely affects another pair on the same end. Crosstalk occurs between adjacent wire pairs (“pair-to-pair NEXT”). In addition, all other pairs in a UTP cable can also contribute their own levels of both NEXT and Far-End Crosstalk (FEXT), multiplying the adverse effects of interference onto a transmitting or receiving wire pair. These compounded levels of interference can prove crippling. So check your NEXT ratings on any CAT5e and CAT6 cable you purchase.

Near-End Crosstalk (NEXT)

NEXT measures an unwanted signal transmitted from one pair to another on the near end.

Power Sum Near-End Crosstalk (PS-NEXT)

PS-NEXT measures the unwanted signals from multiple pairs at the near end onto another pair at the near end.

Far-End Crosstalk (FEXT)

FEXT measures an unwanted signal from a pair transmitting on the near end onto a pair at the far end. Full-duplex operation is taken into account where signals are generated simultaneously on both ends.

Power Sum Equal-Level Far-End Crosstalk (PS-ELFEXT)

PS-ELFEXT measures the total sum of all interference from pairs on the far end onto a pair on the near end without the effects of attenuation.

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