Black Box Explains... Speaker wire gauge.
Wire gauge (often shown as AWG, for American Wire Gauge) is a measure of the thickness of the wire. The more a wire is drawn or sized, the smaller its... more/see it nowdiameter will be. The lower the wire gauge, the thicker the wire.
For example, a 24 AWG wire is thinner than a 14 AWG wire. A lower AWG means longer transmission distance and better integrity. As a rule of thumb, power loss decreases as the wire size increases.
When it comes to choosing speaker cable, consider a few factors: distance, the type of system and amplifier you have, the frequencies of the signals being handled, and any specifications that the speaker manufacturer recommends.
For most home applications where you simply need to run cable from your stereo to speakers in the same room—or even behind the walls to other rooms—16 AWG cable is usually fine.
If youre considering runs of more than 40 feet (12.1 m), consider using 14 AWG or even 12 AWG cable. They both offer better transmission and less resistance over longer distances. You should probably choose 12 AWG cable for high-end audio systems with higher power output or for low-frequency subwoofers. As a rule of thumb, power loss decreases as the wire size increases.
To terminate your cable, choose gold connectors. Because gold resists oxidation over time, gold connectors wear better and offer better peformance than other connectors do. collapse
Black Box Explains... Using 24- and 70-VDC paging systems.
The size of your paging system and the distance to end devices determine whether you should use 24- or 70-volt power. In either system, speakers, horns, and other paging-related equipment... more/see it nowtap into points along the powering wiring. You usually determine the number of taps based on a flowchart compiled at the design stage. This chart takes into account how many amplifiers (if any) youll be using.
In 24-VDC systems, youre limited by how many taps you can put on a run, and the low voltage supports a much shorter distance than a 70-VDC system. For these reasons, 24-VDC systems typically suit smaller office paging systems.
In these limited-drop paging systems (with fewer than 20 speakers or horns), the devices dont require a lot of source power because theyre self-amplified devices. Their amplifiers are either built in or are mounted near the speaker.
And because youre using much lower power, you can run power wiring alongside telephone-type wiring and not worry about ambient noise affecting your voice communications.
In contrast, 70-volt systems depend on central amplifiers to distribute power to speakers that have their own transformers. These stepdown transformers adapt the voltages of the signal from the central amplifier to the current required by the individual speaker.
The higher-voltage, lower-current system best suits connections to speakers distributed over a greater area.
In addition, you can adapt the wattage of speakers used in a 70-VDC system to match the sound requirements of the application. You can do this through the connections on the stepdown transformer, which you adjust to determine the amount of amplified power it draws from the central amplifier, so energy isnt wasted and speakers dont overheat and fail. Configuring a speaker transformer for lower power consumption, for example, is suitable for areas with low ambient noise.
A 70-VDC system also often works with amplifiers that have various types of inputs, so you can connect different types of paging and audio equipment. collapse